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Cantharidin-encapsulated thermal-sensitive liposomes coated with gold nanoparticles for enhanced photothermal therapy on A431 cells

Authors Wang SJ, Xin J, Zhang LW, Zhou YC, Yao CP, Wang B, Wang J, Zhang ZX

Received 7 November 2017

Accepted for publication 16 February 2018

Published 10 April 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 2143—2160

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S156240

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Govarthanan Muthusamy

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang


Sijia Wang, Jing Xin, Luwei Zhang, Yicheng Zhou, Cuiping Yao, Bing Wang, Jing Wang, Zhenxi Zhang

Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and Technology, Institute of Biomedical Analytical Technology and Instrumentation, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, People’s Republic of China

Purpose: Plasmonic nanostructure-mediated photothermal therapy (PTT) is a promising alternative therapy for the treatment of skin cancer and other diseases. However, the insufficient efficiency of PTT at irradiation levels tolerable to tissues and the limited biodegradability of nanomaterials are still crucial challenges. In this study, a novel nanosystem for PTT based on liposome–nanoparticle assemblies (LNAs) was established.
Materials and methods: Thermal-sensitive liposomes (TSLs) encapsulating cantharidin (CTD) were coated with gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and used in near-infrared (NIR) illumination-triggered PTT and thermally induced disruption on A431 cells.
Results: The coated GNPs disintegrated into small particles of 5–6 nm after disruption of TSLs, allowing their clearance by the liver and kidneys. CTD encapsulated in the TSLs was released into cytoplasm after PTT. The released CTD increased the apoptosis of PTT-treated tumor cells by blocking the heat shock response (HSR) and inhibiting the expression of HSP70 and BAG3 inhibiting the expression of HSP70 and BAG3 with the synergistic enhancement of CTD, the new nanosystem CTD-encapsulated TSLs coated with GNPs (CTD-TSL@GNPs) had an efficient PTT effect using clinically acceptable irradiation power (200 mW/cm2) on A431 cells.
Conclusion: The developed CTD-TSL@GNPs may be a promising PTT agent for clinical skin cancer therapy.

Keywords:
gold nanoparticles, liposome, cantharidin, photothermal therapy, heat shock response
 

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