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Canine and feline obesity: a review of pathophysiology, epidemiology, and clinical management

Authors Loftus JP, Wakshlag JJ

Received 10 April 2014

Accepted for publication 25 June 2014

Published 30 December 2014 Volume 2015:6 Pages 49—60

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VMRR.S40868

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

John P Loftus, Joseph J Wakshlag

Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Medical Center, Ithaca, NY, USA

Abstract: Canine and feline obesity rates have reached pandemic proportions and are similar to those in humans, with approximately 30%–40% of dogs and cats being overweight to obese. Obesity has been associated with other health problems, including osteoarthritis, renal disease, skin disease, insulin resistance, and neoplasia in dogs, while in cats obesity is associated with dermatological issues, diabetes mellitus, neoplasia, and urolithiasis. The health issues appear to be slightly different across the two species, which may be due to some inherent differences in the hormonal milieu involved in obesity that differs between the dog and the cat. In this review, we discuss the complicated nature of the pathogenesis of obesity, the hormonal stimulus for orexigenic and anorexigenic behavior, adipose tissue as an endocrine organ, and most importantly, clinical management of the number one disease in canine and feline medicine.

Keywords: obesity, canine, feline, veterinary

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