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Can eye-tracking technology improve situational awareness in paramedic clinical education?

Authors Williams B, Quested A, Cooper S

Received 15 August 2013

Accepted for publication 30 September 2013

Published 11 November 2013 Volume 2013:5 Pages 23—28

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OAEM.S53021

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Brett Williams,1 Andrew Quested,1 Simon Cooper2

1Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, 2School of Nursing and Midwifery, Berwick, Monash University, Frankston, VIC, Australia

Abstract: Human factors play a significant part in clinical error. Situational awareness (SA) means being aware of one's surroundings, comprehending the present situation, and being able to predict outcomes. It is a key human skill that, when properly applied, is associated with reducing medical error: eye-tracking technology can be used to provide an objective and qualitative measure of the initial perception component of SA. Feedback from eye-tracking technology can be used to improve the understanding and teaching of SA in clinical contexts, and consequently, has potential for reducing clinician error and the concomitant adverse events.

Keywords: eye-tracking, paramedic, situational awareness, medical error, pre hospital

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