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Calcium-activated gene transfection from DNA/poly(amic acid-co-imide) complexes

Authors Wu SY, Chang LT, Peng S, Tsai HC

Received 28 October 2014

Accepted for publication 7 December 2014

Published 27 February 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 1637—1647

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S76502

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas J Webster

Szu-Yuan Wu,1–4 Li-Ting Chang,5 Sydeny Peng,6 Hsieh-Chih Tsai5

1Institute of Toxicology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, 3Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; 4Department of Biotechnology, Hungkuang University, Taichung, Taiwan; 5Graduate Institute of Applied Science and Technology, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan; 6Department of Chemical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan

Abstract: In this study, we synthesized a water-soluble poly(amic acid-co-imide) (PA-I) from ethylenediaminetetraacetic dianhydride (EDTA) and 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)bis(ethylamine) that possesses comparable transfection efficiency to that of polyethylenimine (PEI), when prepared in combination with divalent calcium cations. The polycondensation of monomers afforded poly(amic acid) (PA) precursors, and subsequent thermal imidization resulted in the formation of PA-I. At a polymer/DNA ratio (indicated by the molar ratio of nitrogen in the polymer to phosphate in DNA) of 40, complete retardation of the DNA band was observed by gel electrophoresis, indicating the strong association of DNA with PA-I. A zeta potential of -22 mV was recorded for the PA-I polymer solution, and no apparent cytotoxicity was observed at concentrations up to 500 µg·mL-1. In the presence of divalent Ca2+, the transfection efficiency of PA-I was higher than that of PA, due to the formation of a copolymer/Ca2+/DNA polyplex and the reduction in negative charge due to thermal cyclization. Interestingly, a synergistic effect of Ca2+ and the synthesized copolymer on DNA transfection was observed. The use of Ca2+ or copolymer alone resulted in unsatisfactory delivery, whereas the formation of three-component polyplexes synergistically increased DNA transfection. Our findings demonstrated that a PA-I/Ca2+/DNA polyplex could serve as a promising candidate for gene delivery.

Keywords: gene carrier, poly(amic acid), polyimide

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