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Breast cancer in Mongolia: an increasingly important health policy issue

Authors Demchig D, Mello-Thoms C, Brennan PC

Received 24 October 2016

Accepted for publication 8 December 2016

Published 20 January 2017 Volume 2017:9 Pages 29—38

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/BCTT.S125584

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Pranela Rameshwar

Delgermaa Demchig, Claudia Mello-Thoms, Patrick C Brennan

Medical Image Optimization and Perception Group (MIOPeG), Faculty of Health Science, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Abstract: Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death for women in both developed and developing countries. The incidence and mortality of breast cancer in Mongolia, while low compared with other counties, has been increasing on an annual basis. In addition, in Mongolia, approximately 90% of the patients are diagnosed at a late stage, resulting in high mortality, with the majority of individuals diagnosed with breast cancer dying within 5 years of diagnosis. Breast cancer screening plays an important role in reducing mortality in Western countries and has been adopted by a number of Asian countries; however, no such approach exists in Mongolia. In a country of limited resources, implementation of expensive health strategies such as screening requires effective allocations of resources and the identification of the most effective imaging methods. This requirement relies on recent accurate data; however, at this time, there is a paucity of information around breast cancer in Mongolia. Until data around features of the disease are available, effective strategies to diagnose breast cancer that recognize the economic climate in Mongolia cannot be implemented and the impact of breast cancer is likely to increase.

Keywords: incidence, mortality, breast screening, Mongolia

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