Bosutinib: a SRC–ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor for treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia
Fuad El Rassi, Hanna Jean Khoury
Division of Hematology, Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, the Winship Cancer Institute at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Abstract: Bosutinib is one of five tyrosine kinase inhibitors commercially available in the United States for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia. This review of bosutinib summarizes the mode of action, pharmacokinetics, efficacy and safety data, as well as the patient-focused perspective through quality-of-life data. Bosutinib has shown considerable and sustained efficacy in chronic myeloid leukemia, especially in the chronic phase, with resistance or intolerance to prior tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Bosutinib has distinct but manageable adverse events. In the absence of T315I and V299L mutations, there are no absolute contraindications for the use of bosutinib in this patient population.
Keywords: bosutinib, chronic myeloid leukemia, treatment, review, SRC-ABL kinase inhibitor, clinical activity
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