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Body mass index is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese elderly

Authors Zhao Q, Laukkanen JA, Li Q, Li G

Received 12 December 2016

Accepted for publication 3 February 2017

Published 2 May 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 745—752

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S130014

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Wu


Qianping Zhao,1 Jari A Laukkanen,2,3 Qifu Li,4 Gang Li1

1Division of Cardiology, Department of Geriatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China; 2Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; 3Department of Medicine, Central Finland Central Hospital, Jyväskylä, Finland; 4Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China

Background: There is limited information on the association between metabolic syndrome components including body mass index (BMI) and type 2 diabetes mellitus in elderly Chinese population. Therefore, we investigated whether components of metabolic syndrome are associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus in elderly.
Methods: A total of 479 hospitalized patients (aged 65–95 years) with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus were studied retrospectively in a cross-sectional study and compared with 183 subjects with prediabetes and 62 subjects without glucose metabolism abnormalities.
Results: BMI (24.69±3.59 versus 23.92±3.08 and 23.56±3.25 kg/m2), blood pressure, cholesterol, triglyceride, liver enzymes and prevalence of fatty liver were higher in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus as compared with elderly subjects with prediabetes or normal glucose metabolism separately (all P<0.05). Multivariable regression analysis showed that BMI was associated positively with insulin resistance and inversely with insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes mellitus group (all P<0.05).
Conclusion: Higher BMI was associated with increased insulin resistance and decreased insulin sensitivity in elderly Asian population with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: body mass index, type 2 diabetes, elderly, aging

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