Blocking circ_0013912 Suppressed Cell Growth, Migration and Invasion of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cells in vitro and in vivo Partially Through Sponging miR-7-5p
Authors Guo W, Zhao L, Wei G, Liu P, Zhang Y, Fu L
Received 27 March 2020
Accepted for publication 8 July 2020
Published 14 August 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 7291—7303
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Xueqiong Zhu
Weisheng Guo,1 Lin Zhao,1 Guangya Wei,1 Peng Liu,1 Yu Zhang,1 Liran Fu2
1Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Henan Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou, Henan 450002, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Liran Fu
Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou, No. 33 Huanghe Road, Zhengzhou, Henan 450000, People’s Republic of China
Email [email protected]
Background: Circular RNAs have been emerging as biomarkers in diagnosis and prognosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The hsa_circ_0013912 (circ_0013912) has been retrieved to be upregulated in PDAC. Here, we further investigated its role in PDAC cells, as well as its mechanism via serving as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miRNA (miR)-7-5p, which is abundant in pancreas and suppresses the development of PDAC.
Materials and Methods: The clinical human tissues were harvested from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and PDAC patients, and expression of circ_0013912 and miR-7-5p was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The interaction between both was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation and biotin-miRNA pull-down assay. Functional experiments were performed using Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, colony formation assay, fluorescence-activated cell separation method, caspase 3 activity assay kit, Western blotting, transwell assays, and xenograft tumor model.
Results: circ_0013912 was upregulated in PDAC tumors and cells; besides, circ_0013912 upregulation was associated with TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. Silencing circ_0013912 inhibited cell viability, colony formation ability, cell cycle entrance, migration and invasion, but facilitated apoptosis rate and caspase 3 activity in PANC-1 and AsPC-1 cells, accompanied with decreased c-myc, cyclin D1 and vimentin, and increased E-cadherin. Furthermore, miR-7-5p was a target of circ_0013912. Blocking miR-7-5p could promote cell growth, migration and invasion of PANC-1 and AsPC-1 cells with circ_0013912 silencing or not. Tumor growth was also restrained by circ_0013912 downregulation.
Conclusion: Circ_0013912 knockdown could suppress cell growth and metastasis of PDAC cells via sponging miR-7-5p.
Keywords: circ_0013912, miR-7-5p, PDAC
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