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Bisperoxovanadium protects against spinal cord injury by regulating autophagy via activation of ERK1/2 signaling

Authors Tang Y, Li K, Yang C, Huang K, Zhou J, Shi Y, Xie K, Liu J

Received 17 September 2018

Accepted for publication 17 December 2018

Published 1 February 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 513—521

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S187878

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Cristiana Tanase


Yu-jin Tang,1,* Kai Li,2,* Cheng-liang Yang,1 Ke Huang,1 Jing Zhou,3 Yu Shi,1 Ke-gong Xie,1 Jia Liu1

1Department of Orthopaedics, Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise, Guangxi, China; 2Academy of Orthopedics, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China; 3Department of Anatomy, Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise, Guangxi, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a disease of the central nervous system with few restorative treatments. Autophagy has been regarded as a promising therapeutic target for SCI. The inhibitor of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) bisperoxovanadium (bpV[pic]) had been claimed to provide a neuroprotective effect on SCI; but the underlying mechanism is still not fully understood.
Materials and methods: Acute SCI model were generated with SD Rats and were treated with control, acellular spinal cord scaffolds (ASC) obtained from normal rats, bpV(pic), and combined material of ASC and bpV(pic). We used BBB score to assess the motor function of the rats and the motor neurons were stained with Nissl staining. The expressions of the main autophagy markers LC3B, Beclin1 and P62, expressions of apoptosis makers Bax, Bcl2, PARP and Caspase 3 were detected with IF or Western Blot analysis.
Results: The bpV(pic) showed significant improvement in functional recovery by activating autophagy and accompanied by decreased neuronal apoptosis; combined ASC with bpV(pic) enhanced these effects. In addition, after treatment with ERK1/2 inhibitor SCH772984, we revealed that bpV(pic) promotes autophagy and inhibits apoptosis through activating ERK1/2 signaling after SCI.
Conclusion: These results illustrated that the bpV(pic) protects against SCI by regulating autophagy via activation of ERK1/2 signaling.

Keywords: bisperoxovanadium, spinal cord injury, autophagy, apoptosis, ERK1/2 signaling
 

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