Bioethical issues in providing financial incentives to research participants
David B Resnik
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
Abstract: Offering research subjects financial incentives for their participation is a common practice that boosts recruitment but also raises ethical concerns, such as undue inducement, exploitation, and biased enrollment. This article reviews the arguments for providing participants with financial incentives, ethical concerns about payment, and approaches to establishing appropriate compensation levels. It also makes recommendations for investigators, institutions, and oversight committees.
Keywords: human participant research, payment, ethics, undue inducement, exploitation, fairness
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