Bioequivalence Study Of A Fixed-Dose Combination Tablet Containing Melitracen 10 mg And Flupentixol 0.5 mg In Healthy Chinese Volunteers Under Fasted And Fed Conditions
Authors Wu L, Xu C, Wu G, Zhou H, Lv D, Zhai Y, Huang Y, Tang W, Li F, Shentu J
Received 11 March 2019
Accepted for publication 29 August 2019
Published 19 September 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 3331—3342
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Melinda Thomas
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Cristiana Tanase
Lihua Wu,1,2,* Chang Xu,1,2,* Guolan Wu,1,2 Huili Zhou,1,2 Duo Lv,1,2 You Zhai,1,2 Yujie Huang,1,2 Wenling Tang,3 Fangqiong Li,4 Jianzhong Shentu1–3
1Research Center for Clinical Pharmacy, State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory for Drug Evaluation and Clinical Research, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 4Clinical Research Department, Haisco Pharmaceutical Group, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Jianzhong Shentu
Research Center for Clinical Pharmacy, State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 79 Qingchun Road, Hangzhou 310003, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 571 87236560
Fax +86 571 87214223
Purpose: A fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablet of melitracen/flupentixol has been widely used for depression. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety profile and the relative bioavailability of two FDC products containing 10 mg melitracen and 0.5 mg flupentixol from two different manufacturers, in order to acquire adequate pharmacokinetic evidence for registration approval of the test formulation.
Methods: The study was designed as a single-dose, randomized, open-label, 2-period crossover study under fasted or fed conditions in healthy Chinese subjects. Twenty-four subjects (16 men and 8 women) were selected for fasted study, and another 24 cases (16 men and 8 women) were in fed study. Each subject was randomized at the beginning to receive either a single dose of the reference FDC or the test FDC tablet during the first period. Following two-week washout period, all subjects received the alternate formulation during the second period. Blood samples were collected up to 144 hrs after administration. Pharmacokinetic parameters, including Cmax, Tmax, AUC0-t, AUC0-∞, t½, CL/F, and Vd/F were acquired based on the time versus concentration profiles. Then, the geometric mean ratios (GMR) and corresponding 90% CIs were calculated for the determination of bioequivalence analysis. Safety assessment included changes in vital signs and laboratory tests, physical examination findings, and incidence or reports of adverse events (AEs).
Results: The present study has clearly indicated the test and the reference FDC products are bioequivalent in terms of rate and extent of drug absorption. GMR of Cmax, AUC0–t, and AUC0-∞ for both flupentixol and melitracen between the two formulation FDC products, and corresponding 90% CIs, were all within the range of 80% to 125% under fasted or fed conditions. Both the test and the reference FDC products indicated good tolerance in all volunteers. Chinese Clinical Trials Registry identifier: CTR20171256.
Keywords: bioequivalence, melitracen, flupentixol, pharmacokinetics, fixed-dose combination tablet
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