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Bevacizumab in Combination with Pemetrexed and Platinum Significantly Improved the Clinical Outcome of Patients with Advanced Adenocarcinoma NSCLC and Brain Metastases

Authors Tian Y, Zhai X, Tian H, Jing W, Zhu H, Yu J

Received 12 July 2019

Accepted for publication 14 November 2019

Published 29 November 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 10083—10092

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S222910

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Nakshatri


Yaru Tian,1 Xiaoyang Zhai,2 Hairong Tian,1 Wang Jing,2 Hui Zhu,1,2 Jinming Yu1,2

1Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong University, Jinan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong First Medical University and Shandong Academy of Medical Science, Jinan, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Hui Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong First Medical University and Shandong Academy of Medical Science, 440 Jiyan Road, Jinan, Shandong Province 250117, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 531 6762 6112
Email drzhuh@126.com
Jinming Yu
Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong University, 44 Wen Hua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong Province 250012, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 531 6762 6971
Email sdyujinming@163.com

Background: The study aims to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in combination with the first-line pemetrexed-platinum (PP) in patients with advanced adenocarcinoma non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and brain metastases.
Methods: The clinical data of patients with adenocarcinoma NSCLC and symptomatic or asymptomatic brain metastases were collected in our study. The basic chemotherapy regimen was pemetrexed-platinum (PP). According to whether combined with bevacizumab (B) or not, all enrolled patients were assigned to the B+PP group or the PP alone group.
Results: A total of 71 patients were enrolled in the current study. Twenty-six patients were allocated to the B+PP group and 45 were allocated to the PP group. Overall response rates (ORRs), disease control rates (DCRs) of the thoracic tumors and intracranial metastases and overall survival (OS) were not significantly different between the 2 groups. However, progression-free survival (PFS) and intracranial PFS (iPFS) were significantly prolonged in the B+PP group compared with the PP group. The median PFS was 9.2 and 8.2 months, and the 1-year PFS rates were 47.1% and 15.9%, respectively, in the 2 groups (P=0.029). And, the median iPFS were 24.3 and 10.9 months, and the 1-year iPFS rates were 80.1% and 40.1%, respectively, in the 2 groups (P=0.008). Univariate and multivariate analyses suggested that maintenance therapy and bevacizumab therapy were independent favorable prognostic factors of PFS and iPFS.
Conclusion: The addition of bevacizumab to the first-line pemetrexed and platinum significantly improved clinical outcomes of patients with advanced adenocarcinoma NSCLC and brain metastases.

Keywords: bevacizumab, non-small cell lung cancer, brain metastases, clinical outcome, toxicity

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