Berzosertib (VE-822) inhibits gastric cancer cell proliferation via base excision repair system
Received 27 May 2019
Accepted for publication 3 September 2019
Published 13 September 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 8391—8405
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Nicola Ludin
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Eileen O'Reilly
Fubiao Ni,1,* Hengjie Tang,1,* Cheng Wang,1,* Zixiang Wang,2 Fangyi Yu,2 Bicheng Chen,1 Linxiao Sun1
1Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Treatment of Severe Hepato-Pancreatic Diseases of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Provincial Top Key Discipline in Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China; 2First College of Clinical Medicine, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Linxiao Sun
Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Treatment of Severe Hepato-Pancreatic Diseases of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Provincial Top Key Discipline in Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Fanhai West Road, Nanbaixiang Street, Wenzhou 325006, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China
Background: Current investigations suggest that the Base Excision Repair (BER) system may change DNA repair capacity and affect clinical gastric cancer progression such as overall survival. However, the prognostic value of BER system members in gastric cancer remains unclear.
Methods: We explored the prognostic correlation between 7 individual BER genes, including uracil-DNA glycosylase (UNG), Single-strand-selective monofunctional uracil-DNA glycosylase 1 (SMUG1), Methyl-CpG binding domain 4 (MBD4), thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG), 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1), MutY DNA glycosylase (MUTYH) and Nei like DNA glycosylase 1 (NEIL1), expression and overall survival (OS) in different clinical data, such as Lauren classification, pathological stages, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) expression status, treatment strategy, gender and differentiation degree in gastric cancer patients, using Kaplan-Meier plotter (KM plotter) online database. Based on the bioinformatics analysis, we utilized Berzosertib (VE-822) to inhibit DNA damage repair in cancer cells compared to solvent control group via real-time cellular analysis (RTCA), flow cytometry, colony formation and migration assay. Finally, we utilized reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to confirm the expression of BER members between normal and two gastric cancer cells or solvent and VE-822 treated groups.
Results: Our work revealed that high UNG mRNA expression was correlated with high overall survival probability; however, high SMUG1, MBD4, TDG, OGG1, MUTYH and NEIL1 mRNA expression showed relatively low overall survival probability in all GC patients. Additionally, UNG was associated with high overall survival probability in intestinal and diffuse types, but SMUG1 and NEIL1 showed opposite results. Further, VE-822 pharmacological experiment suggested that inhibition of DNA damage repair suppressed gastric cancer cells’ proliferation and migration ability via inducing apoptosis. Further, real-time polymerase chain reaction results proposed the inhibition of gastric cancer cells by VE-822 may be through UNG, MUTYH and OGG-1 of BER system.
Conclusion: We comprehensively analyze the prognostic value of the BER system (UNG, SMUG1, MBD4, TDG, OGG1, MUTYH and NEIL1) based on bioinformatics analysis and experimental confirmation. BER members are associated with distinctive prognostic significance and maybe new valuable prognostic indicators in gastric cancer.
Keywords: base excision repair, gastric cancer, Kaplan-Meier plotter
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