Awareness of Dental Esthetic Standards Among Dental Students and Professionals
Received 23 July 2019
Accepted for publication 13 November 2019
Published 2 December 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 373—382
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Christopher E. Okunseri
Samar A Al-Saleh,1 Deema A Al-Shammery,2 Nada A Al-Shehri,3 Ebtissam M Al-Madi4
1Department of Prosthetic Dental Science, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11527, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3Division of Orthodontics, Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Princess Nourah Bint AbdulRahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11527, Saudi Arabia
Correspondence: Ebtissam M Al-Madi
Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
Purpose: This study investigated the level of esthetic awareness of dental students and professionals.
Material and methods: Photographs depicting facial and smile features that deviate from universally accepted esthetic standards were presented in a questionnaire. Participants were asked to rate the images and to identify the main discrepant criteria. Eight hundred questionnaires were distributed to dental students, and clinicians. The data were analyzed using chi-square tests, Student’s t-test and one-way ANOVA with Tukey’s post hoc tests for multiple comparisons.
Results: Students had 45.2% correct answers compared to 51.6% for clinicians. Among students, the highest awareness was found among 5th year students, followed by interns, 4th year and 3rd year students. The difference in the percentage of correct answers between clinicians and students overall was significantly higher for some criteria than for others, such as gingival esthetics, lip features, smile zone (incisal plane), facial features, and buccal corridor. Among clinicians, specialists responded correctly more often than did general practitioners in most of the investigated aspects.
Conclusion: The ability of different group samples to diagnose discrepancies of smile esthetics was refined and enhanced with increased clinical experience and knowledge.
Keywords: dental esthetic standards smile features, dental education, esthetic awareness, smile zone
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