Back to Journals » Open Access Emergency Medicine » Volume 11

Awake tracheostomy in a patient with acute upper airway obstruction: an emergency application of an elective percutaneous procedure

Authors Fusco P, Iuorio A, Della Valle M, Ferraro F

Received 10 January 2019

Accepted for publication 2 May 2019

Published 24 July 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 167—170

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OAEM.S201079

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Hans-Christoph Pape


Pierluigi Fusco, Angela Iuorio, Mirco Della Valle, Fausto Ferraro

Dipartimento Della Donna, Del Bambino, Della Chirurgia Generale e Specialistica, Università Degli Studi Della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, IT 80138, Italy

Abstract: Since its introduction in 1985 with Ciaglia, percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) was contraindicated in emergency settings and obesity. However, several case series in the last 20 years have documented the use of PT in life-threatening airway emergencies. We present a case of severe acute airway obstruction in a 66-year-old woman successfully treated with a placement of an awake PT. The woman’s glottic obstruction was caused by a recurrent laryngeal neoplasia and revealed by nasoendoscopy. This acute condition required a serious effort from the patient to oxygenate and therefore prevented orotracheal intubation as well as the use of any supraglottic device and/or sedation. Blood aspiration after a first attempt to make a quick access to the tracheal lumen with an emergency cricothyroidotomy, and difficulties in the exact identification of tumor infiltration, led us to perform an awake tracheostomy. Due to elevated risk of airway bleeding, we started with a surgical approach to better identify anatomical structures. After the correct inter-tracheal ring space identification, sudden worsening of clinical symptoms required that we complete the procedure quickly with the aid of a Ciaglia Blue Rhino™-Cook (CBR) tracheostomy kit. At the tracheostomy tube placement, the patient quickly resolved her dyspnea and physiological breathing was restored.

Keywords: emergency, hypoxia, tracheostomy

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]