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Availability and use of hemostatic agents in prehospital trauma patients in Pennsylvania translation from the military to the civilian setting

Authors Sigal A, Martin A, Ong A

Received 14 February 2017

Accepted for publication 7 May 2017

Published 6 July 2017 Volume 2017:9 Pages 47—52

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OAEM.S134657

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Hans-Christoph Pape


Adam Sigal,1 Anthony Martin,1 Adrian Ong2

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, 2Department of Surgery, Trauma Section, The Reading Hospital, West Reading, PA, USA

Objective: To understand the translation of one innovation in trauma care from the military to the civilian setting, the adoption of topical hemostatic agents in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) community and in Trauma Centers in Pennsylvania.
Method: We utilized an anonymous electronic survey of EMS Agency Administrative Officers and Trauma Center Coordinators.
Results: We received responses from 23% (93/402) Advanced Life Support and Air Medical agencies in the State. Of the EMS agencies that responded, 46.6% (61/131) stock hemostatic products, with 55.5% (44/79) carrying QuickClot® Combat Gauze®. Of the agencies that carried hemostatic products, 50% utilized them at least once in the prior 6 months and 59% over the past 12 months. Despite the infrequent number of applications, prehospital providers ranked themselves as somewhat skilled and comfortable both with the application of the products and the indications for their use.
Conclusion:
Our survey found that 46.6% of the respondents indicated they carry hemostatic products, a much greater number than found on prior surveys of EMS agencies. There is a steady acceptance by EMS of new innovations in trauma care although more work is needed in translating the exact role of hemostatic agents in the civilian setting.

Keywords:
hemostatic, dressing, trauma, prehospital, trauma care, EMS

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