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Asthma-related emergency department use: current perspectives

Authors Johnson L, Chambers P, Dexheimer J

Received 13 February 2016

Accepted for publication 11 April 2016

Published 13 July 2016 Volume 2016:8 Pages 47—55


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Hans-Christoph Pape

Laurie H Johnson,1 Patricia Chambers,1 Judith W Dexheimer1,2

1Division of Emergency Medicine, 2Division of Biomedical Informatics, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA

Abstract: Asthma is one of the most common chronic pediatric diseases. Patients with asthma often present to the emergency department for treatment for acute exacerbations. These patients may not have a primary care physician or primary care home, and thus are seeking care in the emergency department. Asthma care in the emergency department is multifaceted to treat asthma patients appropriately and provide quality care. National and international guidelines exist to help drive clinical care. Electronic and paper-based tools exist for both physicians and patients to help improve emergency, home, and preventive care. Treatment of patients with asthma should include the acute exacerbation, long-term management of controller medications, and controlling triggers in the home environment. We will address the current state of asthma research in emergency medicine in the US, and discuss some of the resources being used to help provide a medical home and improve care for patients who suffer from acute asthma exacerbations.

Keywords: asthma, pediatric, emergency department

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