Back to Journals » Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy » Volume 12

Association of salivary C-reactive protein with the obesity measures and markers in children

Authors Selvaraju V, Babu JR, Geetha T

Received 9 April 2019

Accepted for publication 15 June 2019

Published 23 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 1239—1247


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ming-Hui Zou

Vaithinathan Selvaraju,1 Jeganathan Ramesh Babu,1,2 Thangiah Geetha1,2

1Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Hospitality Management, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 2Boshell Metabolic Diseases and Diabetes Program, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA

Objective: Overweight and obesity is a pro-inflammatory state. This study aimed to examine the level of the salivary obesity markers in normal weight (NW) and overweight/obese (OW/OB) children, association with the obesity measures and the interrelations between the biomarkers.
Subjects and methods: Seventy-six children (40 normal weight and 36 overweight/obese) were recruited for this study. Body weight, height, and waist circumference measurement were obtained. The saliva sample was collected from all the participants. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the participants were classified into the normal weight or overweight/obese depending upon the body mass index (BMI) percentile ranking. The obesity panel of salivary markers resistin, C-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 2 (CCL2)/monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), complement factor D, and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were determined using human magnetic Luminex performance assay. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis was used to determine the area under the curve (AUC) to identify the best salivary biomarker in children. Linear regression and Pearson’s correlation analyses to determine the association between the parameters.
Results: The obesity biomarkers resistin, MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-6 and CRP were significantly high in overweight/obese compared to normal weight. Salivary CRP (AUC: 0.866, 95% CI: 0.780–0.952; p<0.0001) showed superiority area under ROC curves with good discriminatory power than resistin, MCP-1, TNF-α, and IL-6. BMI z-score, WC z-score, and WHtR z-score showed a significant association (p<0.0001) with CRP. The CRP significantly (p<0.0001) correlated with resistin, CCL2/MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 by linear regression and Pearson’s correlation analysis.
Conclusion: Increased level of salivary CRP in children may be considered as a non-invasive marker for childhood obesity for detection of the risk factors for the development of metabolic dysregulation.

Keywords: childhood obesity, non-invasive, inflammation, body mass index

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]