Association of psychological factors, patients’ knowledge, and management among patients with erectile dysfunction
Authors Zaman Huri H, Mat Sanusi N, Abdul Razack AH, Mark R
Received 30 October 2015
Accepted for publication 19 January 2016
Published 13 May 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 807—823
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Doris Leung
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
Hasniza Zaman Huri,1,2 Nurul Diyana Mat Sanusi,1 Azad Hassan Abdul Razack,3 Raymond Mark1
1Department of Pharmacy, 2Clinical Investigation Center, University of Malaya Medical Centre, 3Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Background: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is one of the most common health problems in men. ED can significantly affect a man’s psychological well-being and overall health.
Purpose: To investigate the association of psychological factors, patients’ knowledge, and management among ED patients.
Patients and methods: A total of 93 patients with an age range from 31 to 81 years who have undergone treatment for ED were included in this study.
Results: It was found that the feeling of blame (P=0.001), guilt (P=0.001), anger or bitterness (P=0.001), depression (P=0.001), feeling like a failure (P=0.001), and the feeling of letting down a partner during intercourse (P=0.001) were significantly associated with ED. Age was also found to be significantly associated with patients’ psychological scale (P=0.004). In addition, the majority of patients in this study practice the right method of administration of ED therapy. However, no significant correlation was found between patients’ knowledge of ED therapy and demographic characteristics.
Conclusion: This study concluded that ED does affect psychological well-being of people. In addition, patient’s knowledge about ED and its management is also crucial in ensuring that the patient achieves optimal therapeutic outcomes from ED therapy.
Keywords: erectile dysfunction, psychological factors, patients’ knowledge, management
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