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Association of primary care physicians' exercise habits and their age, specialty, and workplace

Authors Morishita Y, Miki A, Okada M, Tsuboi S, Ishibashi K, Ando Y, Kusano E

Received 30 July 2013

Accepted for publication 29 August 2013

Published 7 November 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 409—414

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S52262

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Yoshiyuki Morishita,1 Atushi Miki,1 Mari Okada,1 Satoshi Tsuboi,2 Kenichi Ishibashi,3 Yasuhiro Ando,1 Eiji Kusano4

1Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, 2Department of Public Health, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, 3Department of Medical Physiology, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, Tokyo, 4Utsunomiya Social Insurance Hospital, Tochigi, Japan

Background: In this study, we investigated primary care physicians' exercise habits, and the association of this variable with their age, specialty, and workplace.
Methods: The population of this cross-sectional study comprised 3,310 medical doctors who graduated from Jichi Medical University in Japan between 1978 and 2012. The study instrument was a self-administered questionnaire mailed in August 2012 to investigate primary care physicians' exercise habits, age, specialty, and workplace.
Results: The 896 available primary care physicians' responses to the self-administered questionnaire were analyzed. Their exercise frequency was as follows: daily, 104 (11.6%); at least 2–3 times per week, 235 (26.2%); no more than once a week, 225 (25.1%); no more than once a month, 278 (31.0%); and other, 52 (5.8%). Their exercise intensity was as follows: high (≥6 Mets), 264 (29.5%); moderate (4–6 Mets), 199 (22.2%); mild, (3–4 Mets), 295 (32.9%); very mild (<3 Mets), 68 (7.6%); none, 64 (7.1%); and other, 6 (0.7%). Their exercise volume was calculated to represent their exercise habits by multiplying score for exercise frequency by score for intensity. Multivariate linear regression analyses showed that the primary care physicians' exercise volumes were associated with their age (P<0.01) and workplace (P<0.01), but not with their specialty (P=0.37). Primary care physicians in the older age group were more likely to have a higher exercise volume than those in the younger age groups (50–60 years > older than 60 years>40–50 years>30–40 years >24–30 years). Primary care physicians working in a clinic were more likely to have a higher exercise volume than those working in a university hospital, polyclinic hospital, or hospital.
Conclusion: Primary care physicians' exercise habits were associated with their age and workplace, but not with their specialty.

Keywords: primary care physician, self-administered questionnaire, exercise habits, age, specialty, workplace

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