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Association of mRNA expression of TP53 and the TP53 codon 72 Arg/Pro gene polymorphism with colorectal cancer risk in Asian population: a bioinformatics analysis and meta-analysis

Authors Dong ZY, Zheng L, Liu W, Wang C

Received 7 February 2018

Accepted for publication 29 March 2018

Published 25 May 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 1341—1349


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Leylah Drusbosky

Zhiyong Dong,1,2,* Longzhi Zheng,2,* Weimin Liu,1 Cunchuan Wang1

1Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China; 2Department of Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Putian University, Putian, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: The relationship between TP53 codon 72 Pro/Arg gene polymorphism and colorectal cancer risk in Asians is still controversial, and this bioinformatics analysis and meta-analysis was performed to assess the associations.
Methods: The association studies were identified from PubMed, and eligible reports were included. RevMan 5.3.1 software, Oncolnc, cBioPortal, and Oncomine online tools were used for statistical analysis. A random/fixed effects model was used in meta-analysis. The data were reported as risk ratios or mean differences with corresponding 95% CI.
Results: We confirmed that TP53 was associated with colorectal cancer, the alteration frequency of TP53 was 53% mutation and 7% deep deletion, and TP53 mRNA expression was different in different types of colorectal cancer based on The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Then, 18 studies were included that examine the association of TP53 codon 72 gene polymorphism with colorectal cancer risk in Asians. The meta-analysis indicated that TP53 Pro allele and Pro/Pro genotype were associated with colorectal cancer risk in Asian population, but Arg/Arg genotype was not (Pro allele: odds ratios [OR]=1.20, 95% CI: 1.06 to 1.35, P=0.003; Pro/Pro genotype: OR=1.39, 95% CI: 1.15 to 1.69, P=0.0007; Arg/Arg genotype: OR=0.86, 95% CI: 0.74 to 1.00, P=0.05). Interestingly, in the meta-analysis of the controls from the population-based studies, we found that TP53 codon 72 Pro/Arg gene polymorphism was associated with colorectal cancer risk (Pro allele: OR=1.33, 95% CI: 1.15 to 1.55, P=0.0002; Pro/Pro genotype: OR=1.61, 95% CI: 1.28 to 2.02, P<0.0001; Arg/Arg genotype: OR=0.77, 95% CI: 0.63 to 0.93, P=0.009).
Conclusion: TP53 was associated with colorectal cancer, but the different value levels of mRNA expression were not associated with survival rate of colon and rectal cancer. TP53 Pro allele and Pro/Pro genotype were associated with colorectal cancer risk in Asians.

Keywords: colorectal carcinoma, TP53 codon 72, gene polymorphism, mutation, bioinformatics analysis, meta-analysis

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