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Association of microsatellite polymorphisms of the GPDS1 locus with normal tension glaucoma in the Japanese population

Authors Nakamura K, Ota M, Meguro A, Nomura N, Kashiwagi K, Mabuchi F, Iijima H, Kawase K, Yamamoto T, Nakamura M, Negi A, Sagara T, Nishida T, Inatani M, Tanihara H, Aihara M, Araie M, Fukuchi T, Abe H, Higashide T, Sugiyama K, Kanamoto T, Kiuchi Y, Iwase A, Ohno S, Inoko H, Mizuki N

Published 2 April 2009 Volume 2009:3 Pages 307—312


Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Kayo Nakamura1*, Masao Ota2*, Akira Meguro1, et al

1Department of Ophthalmology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan; 2Departmentof Legal Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan

Background: To investigate whether the GPDS1 locus, a potential causative locus of pigment-dispersion syndrome, is associated with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) in Japanese patients.

Materials and methods: We used polymerase chain reaction amplification with sequencespecific primers to analyze 20 polymorphic microsatellite markers in and around the GPDS1 locus with an automated DNA analyzer and automated fragment detection by fluorescent-based technology. The DNA samples used for these analyses were obtained from ethnicity- and gendermatched patients, including 141 Japanese patients with NTG and 101 healthy controls. Patients exhibiting a comparatively early onset were selected as this suggests that genetic factors may show stronger involvement.

Results: One allele of D7S2462 exhibited a frequency that was significantly decreased in NTG cases compared to controls (P = 0.0013, Pc = 0.019, OR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.30–0.75). Alleles at another six microsatellite loci were positively or negatively associated with NTG, but these associations did not retain statistical significance after Bonferroni correction (P < 0.05, Pc > 0.05).

Conclusion: Our study showed a significant association between the GPDS1 locus and NTG, suggesting that there may be some genetic risk factor(s) in the development of NTG.

Keywords: microsatellite, normal tension glaucoma, glaucoma-related pigment dispersion syndrome, GPDS1, DPP6

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