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Association of left ventricular ejection fraction with contrast-induced nephropathy and mortality following coronary angiography or intervention in patients with heart failure

Authors Wang K, Li H, Bei W, Guo X, Chen S, Islam SMS, Chen J, Liu Y, Tan N

Received 21 March 2017

Accepted for publication 7 June 2017

Published 19 July 2017 Volume 2017:13 Pages 887—895

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S137654

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang

Kun Wang,1,2,* Hua-long Li,1,2,* Wei-jie Bei,1,2,* Xiao-sheng Guo,1,2,* Shi-qun Chen,1,2 Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam,3 Ji-yan Chen,1,2 Yong Liu,1,2 Ning Tan1,2

1Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Coronary Disease, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, 2School of Medicine, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the most widely used parameter to evaluate the cardiac function in patients with heart failure (HF). However, the association between LVEF and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is still controversial. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the association of LVEF with CIN and long-term mortality following coronary angiography (CAG) or intervention in patients with HF.
Methods: We analyzed 1,647 patients with HF (New York Heart Association [NYHA] or Killip class >1) undergoing CAG or intervention, including 207 (12.57%) patients with reduced LVEF (HFrEF), 238 (14.45%) with mid-range LVEF (HFmrEF) and 1,202 (72.98%) with preserved LVEF (HFpEF). CIN was defined as an absolute increase of ≥0.5 mg/dL or a relative increase of ≥25% from baseline serum creatinine within 48–72 h after contrast medium exposure. Multivariable logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed to identify the association between LVEF, CIN and long-term mortality, respectively.
Results: Overall, 225 patients (13.7%) developed CIN. Individuals with lower LVEF were more likely to develop CIN (HFrEF, HFmrEF and HFpEF: 18.4%, 21.8% and 11.2%, respectively; P<0.001), but without a significant trend after adjusting for the confounding factors (HFrEF vs HFpEF: odds ratio [OR] =1.01; HFmrEF vs HFpEF: OR =1.31; all P>0.05). However, advanced HF (NYHA class >2 or Killip class >1) was an independent predictor of CIN (adjusted OR =1.54, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07–2.22; P=0.019). During the mean follow-up of 2.3 years, reduced LVEF (HFrEF group) was significantly associated with increased mortality (HFrEF vs HFpEF: adjusted hazard ratio =2.88, 95% CI, 1.77–4.69; P<0.001).
Conclusion: In patients with HF undergoing CAG or intervention, not worsened LVEF but advanced HF was associated with an increased risk of CIN. In addition, reduced LVEF was an independent predictor of long-term mortality following cardiac catheterization.

Keywords: cardiac catheterization, contrast-induced nephropathy, left ventricular ejection fraction, heart failure

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