Association of HLA alleles with autism
Received 6 September 2018
Accepted for publication 8 November 2018
Published 27 November 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 3259—3265
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder
Arezou Sayad,1 Mohammad Taghi Akbari,2 Rezvan Noroozi,3 Mir Davood Omrani,1,4 Hidetoshi Inoko,5 Mohammad Taheri,6 Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard1
1Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran; 3Photochemistry Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 4Urogenital Stem Cell Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 5Department of Molecular Life Science, Tokai University, Hiratsuka, Japan; 6Student Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders known by impaired social interaction and activities and abnormal repetitive behavior. As a multifactorial disorder, several genetic and immunological factors have been shown to be implicated in its pathogenesis.
Methods: Among them are certain human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles. In the current study, we genotyped HLA-A, -B & DRB alleles in 103 Iranian ASD patients and 180 age, gender, and ethnic-matched healthy controls.
Results: After Boferroni correction no allele or haplotype was associated with genetic susceptibility to ASD in Iranian population.
Conclusion: Future studies are needed to assess contribution of immunological factors such as HLA alleles in ASD pathogenesis.
Keywords: autism, HLA typing, immune response
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]