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Association between sleep disorders, obesity, and exercise: a review

Authors Hargens TA, Kaleth AS, Edwards ES, Butner KL

Received 5 January 2013

Accepted for publication 30 January 2013

Published 1 March 2013 Volume 2013:5 Pages 27—35

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NSS.S34838

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Trent A Hargens,1 Anthony S Kaleth,2 Elizabeth S Edwards,1 Katrina L Butner3

1Department of Kinesiology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA, USA; 2Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, USA; 3Laboratory for Health and Exercise Science, Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Exercise, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA

Abstract: Decreased sleep duration and quality is associated with an increase in body weight and adiposity. Insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and restless legs syndrome are three of the most prevalent types of sleep disorder that lead to an increased risk for numerous chronic health conditions. Various studies have examined the impact of these sleep disorders on obesity, and are an important link in understanding the relationship between sleep disorders and chronic disease. Physical activity and exercise are important prognostic tools in obesity and chronic disease, and numerous studies have explored the relationship between obesity, sleep disorders, and exercise. As such, this review will examine the relationship between sleep disorders and obesity. In addition, how sleep disorders may impact the exercise response and how exercise may impact patient outcomes with regard to sleep disorders will also be reviewed.

Keywords: obesity, sleep disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia

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