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Association Between IL-6 and Seizure Recurrence in Patients with the First Post-Ischemic Stroke Seizure

Authors Jia Q, Jiang F, Ma D, Li J, Wang F, Wang Z

Received 11 April 2020

Accepted for publication 13 July 2020

Published 11 August 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 1955—1963

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S257870

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Yuping Ning


Qi Jia,1 Fan Jiang,2 Daliang Ma,1 Jun Li,1 Fan Wang,1 Zhiqiang Wang1

1Encephalopathy Center, The Third People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830000, People’s Republic of China; 2Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, The First People’s Hospital of Urumqi, Urumqi 830000, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Zhiqiang Wang
Encephalopathy Center, The Third People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, No. 168, Nanchang Road, Urumqi 830000, People’s Republic of China
Tel/ Fax +86-9917530284
Email xjwjwzq@163.com

Purpose: To study the association between IL-6 level and seizure recurrence in patients with the first post-ischemic stroke seizure and assess its predictive value for seizure recurrence.
Patients and Methods: A total of 2976 consecutive ischemic stroke patients were retrospectively enrolled. Among them, 209 (7.02%) patients with the first post-ischemic stroke seizure were included in this analysis. The IL-6 mRNA expression level was evaluated through quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and the 2−ΔΔCt method. Demographic data and clinical characteristics were collected. Univariate analysis was performed with independent-samples t-test, Mann–Whitney U-test, or chi-square test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using a backward stepwise logistic regression model for variables with P< 0.10 in univariate analysis. The predictive value was assessed using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.
Results: Among the patients included, 105 (50.24%) had recurrence of seizures, and 104 (49.76%) had no recurrence. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the IL-6 mRNA expression level was independently correlated with seizure recurrence in patients with the first post-ischemic stroke seizure after adjusting for age, NIHSS scores, time of seizure, seizure type, lesion size, location of the offending lesion to different hemispheric lobes, cortical involvement, gender, electroencephalography (EEG) findings, and hemorrhagic transformation. When the IL-6 mRNA expression level was used to predict seizure recurrence, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.763 (SE=0.033, 95% CI=0.698– 0.829). The diagnostic power was moderate.
Conclusion: IL-6 was independently correlated with seizure recurrence in patients with the first post-ischemic stroke seizure and might be a potential biomarker for prediction of seizure recurrence.

Keywords: post-ischemic stroke seizure, seizure recurrence, IL-6, predictive value

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