Assessment of Prescription Pattern of Systemic Steroidal Drugs in the Outpatient Department of Menelik II Referral Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2019
Authors Wondmkun YT, Ayele AG
Received 6 October 2020
Accepted for publication 16 December 2020
Published 6 January 2021 Volume 2021:15 Pages 9—14
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
Yohannes Tsegyie Wondmkun, Akeberegn Gorems Ayele
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Yohannes Tsegyie Wondmkun
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Background: Because systemic corticosteroids are associated with severe adverse effects, a study on the prescribing pattern for rationalizing drug therapy is needed.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the prescription pattern of systemic steroidal drugs at the outpatient department of Menelik II Referral Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2019.
Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the prescription pattern of systemic steroidal drugs in the outpatient department of Menelik II Referral Hospital. A total of 384 patient charts were included in the study. The sample was selected by using a non-probability quota sampling method. The data was collected from patient charts by using a checklist and analyzed by using SPSS version 20 computer software package. Finally, the data was presented with tables, graphs and charts.
Results: A total of 384 patient medical charts were reviewed during the study period. From which, 61.2% were females and 22.4% were in the age group of 31– 40 years. The majority, 63.5%, of systemic corticosteroid use was indicated for respiratory disorders and the most frequently prescribed drug was prednisolone (42.4%). It was also found that intermediate acting corticosteroids (prednisolone and methyl prednisolone) were mostly prescribed during the study period.
Conclusion: In this study, most steroids were indicated for respiratory disorders and prednisolone was found to be the most widely prescribed medication among systemic steroids.
Keywords: prescribing pattern, systemic steroid, corticosteroid, prednisolone
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