Assessment of Pain and Associated Comorbidities: A Survey of Real Life Experiences Among Nurses in Italy
Received 19 January 2020
Accepted for publication 19 August 2020
Published 25 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 107—115
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael Schatman
Chiara Angeletti,1 Paolo Matteo Angeletti,2 Martina Paesani,1 Cristiana Guetti,3 Aglaia Gyra,2 Gianluca Perseo,1 Alessandra Ciccozzi,2 Franco Marinangeli,2 Emma Altobelli4
1Operative Unit of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Civil Hospital G. Mazzini of Teramo, Teramo, Italy; 2Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy; 3Emergency Department, Intensive Care Unit and Regional ECMO Referral Centre, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy; 4Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, AUSL Teramo, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
Correspondence: Chiara Angeletti
Civil Hospital G. Mazzini of Teramo, Piazza Italia 1, Teramo 64100, Italy
Tel +39 0861429320
Fax +39 0861429319
Purpose: Pain is a symptom that should be evaluated along with its comorbidities in order to plan an effective holistic treatment strategy involving specific pharmacological interventions, side effect management, psychological support, control of therapeutic effects over time, and dialogue with the patient and their relatives. In this holistic process of caring for patients with pain, nurses play a central role as they deal with suffering patients directly and continuously. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the types of pain identified by nurses in their daily clinical practice and the associated comorbidities (anamnestic history taking) by geographical region and to evaluate the pharmacological strategies used.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was performed among 696 registered nurses in Italy. Data were collected using an online questionnaire.
Results: There was a significant difference between geographical regions in terms of reports of acute and chronic pain: acute pain was more frequently reported in the South (63.5%), while chronic pain was more frequent in the Central region (32.3%; p=0.0008). Additionally, chronic oncological pain was more frequent in the Northeast (29.6%), while chronic non-oncological pain was more frequently reported in the Central region (33.9%; p=0.0001). The underlying pain disorders reported were also different between geographical regions; rheumatic pain (21.8%) and neurological pain (18.6%) were more frequent in the Central region, while musculoskeletal pain was significantly more frequent in the South (43.4%; p=0.004). Anxiety, sleep disorders and somatization were found in acute pain (60.82%, 43.56% and 53.12%), while depression and mood disorders were more frequently detected in chronic pain condition (p< 0.001).
Conclusion: Our study showed differences among Italian regions in pain assessment. Specific education on pain management nursing is essential for nurses. Promotion of optimal nursing care for people affected by pain is the main focus of pain management nursing. Nowadays, nurses should focus on personalized complex care and research in order to improve the patient’s quality of life.
Keywords: pain management, nurse education, psychological comorbidities
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