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Assessment of Magnitude of Consistent Condom Use and Associated Factors Among Police Force at Riot Control, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors Tadesse T, Zewdu T, Tadesse F, Endazenaw G, Alemu T

Received 6 April 2020

Accepted for publication 16 June 2020

Published 14 July 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 243—252

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S254176

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Bassel Sawaya


Trhas Tadesse,1 Tesfaye Zewdu,2 Frew Tadesse,3 Getabalew Endazenaw,1 Tadesse Alemu4

1Department of Public health, Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2Department of Public health, Ethiopian Police University College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 3Department of Public health, Jigigiga University, Jigigiga, Ethiopia; 4Department of Public health, Universal Medical and Business College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Trhas Tadesse Email ttrhas@gmail.com

Background: Police officers are grouped among the most at-risk population for HIV. Most police officers who are mobile related to work behavior might be at risk of HIV for themselves and/or the main source of infection in transmitting the disease to the police members. So the basic aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of condom use and associated factors among police force riot control in Addis Ababa in September 2015.
Materials and Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted among a sample of 400 police officers. The sample size was calculated using a single size proportion formula by considering 52% prevalence of multiple sexual partners. A systematic random sampling technique was used to get study subjects from the institution. A pretested structured questionnaire was employed to obtain the necessary information after getting both written and verbal consent from the concerned body and study subjects. The collected data were checked for completeness and consistency and was coded before data entry. Data were entered and cleaned analyzed using SPSS statistical package.
Results: Some 379 individuals provided data. Most of the respondents 348 (95.3%) had been sexually active during the past 12 months and 280 (84.1%) of them had more than one sexual partner. Seventy-five (19.8%) of the sexually active respondents used condoms consistently in the last 12 months. Had sex after drinking alcohol (adjusted OR=2.23; 95% CI (1.08, 4.61)),ever used substance (adjusted OR=4.37; 95% CI (1.18, 16.27)), had sex after consuming substance (Adjusted OR=4.37; 95% CI (1.18, 16.27)) and less education status (adjusted OR=0.38; 95% CI (0.16, 0.93)) were significantly associated with inconsistent condom use.
Conclusion: There is a high inconsistency of condom use among federal police riot control. This indicates that the study populations are at higher risk of acquiring HIV infection. Substance use like khat, consuming alcohol, and low educational status was the significant predictor of inconsistent condom use among federal police riot control.

Keywords: risky sexual behavior, HIV/AIDS, police force

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