Assessment of functional variants and expression of long noncoding RNAs in vitamin D receptor signaling in breast cancer
Received 15 May 2018
Accepted for publication 29 June 2018
Published 12 September 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 3451—3462
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo
Vahid Kholghi Oskooei,1 Lobat Geranpayeh,2 Mir Davood Omrani,1 Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard1
1Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2Department of Surgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Purpose: Vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling pathway is implicated in the pathogenesis of breast cancer.
Patients and methods: We selected VDR-associated long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) through an in silico analysis of available microarray and RNA-sequencing data and assessed their expression in 75 breast tumor samples and their adjacent noncancerous tissues (ANCTs). We also genotyped two functional polymorphisms within VDR gene in all patients.
Results: VDR, MALAT1, and LINC00511 were significantly upregulated in tumoral tissues compared with ANCTs (fold change [FC] =1.85, P=0.03; FC =1.54, P=0.04; and FC =4.75, P=0.000, respectively). In patients younger than 55 years, significant associations were found between expression levels of both SNHG16 and LINC00511 genes and nuclear grade (P=0.03), expression of LINC00346 and tubule formation (P=0.01), expression of both SNHG16 and SNHG6 genes and family history of cancer (P=0.01 and 0.03, respectively), as well as expression of VDR and progesterone receptor status (P=0.03). We detected significant correlations between expression levels of VDR and SNHG16 in both tumoral tissues and ANCTs. The TT genotype of FokI polymorphism was associated with the higher expression levels of VDR. FokI variants were associated with expression levels of both MALAT1 and SNHG16 in ANCTs (P=0.01 and 0.03, respectively). CdxII variants were associated with expression levels of SNHG16 in ANCTs. A significant correlation was found between FC values of SNHG16 expression and vitamin D levels.
Conclusion: The present study provides further evidence for the contribution of VDR signaling and the related lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of breast cancer and introduces some novel lncRNAs as putative molecules in the interactive functional network of VDR signaling in breast cancer.
Keywords: breast cancer, MALAT1, SNHG16, SNHG6, LINC00346, LINC00511, VDR
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