Assessment of dry eye signs and symptoms and ocular tolerance of a preservative-free lacrimal substitute (Hylabak®) versus a preserved lacrimal substitute (Systane®) used for 3 months in patients after LASIK
Yuri S Astakhov, Sergei Y Astakhov, Alla B Lisochkina
University Department of Ophthalmology, State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education, Saint Petersburg Pavlov State Medical University and of the Federal Service for Surveillance of Healthcare and Social Development of the Russian Federation, St Petersburg, Russia
Abstract: Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is commonly used to correct refractive defects. The procedure frequently results in dry eye symptoms, usually of short but sometimes longer duration. This study was designed to assess dry eye and ocular tolerability after LASIK in patients treated with a preservative-free lacrimal substitute (Hylabak®) or preserved lacrimal substitute (Systane®). In a single-center, investigator-masked, prospective, noninferiority, clinical study, patients undergoing LASIK surgery were randomized to receive Hylabak or Systane eye drops (one drop in each eye four times daily for 3 months). Fluorescein test scores were the primary efficacy variable and were similar on day 1 (mean 0.26 and 0.28 for Hylabak and Systane, respectively). At the final visit (day 84 ± 3) the fluorescein scores had improved to 0.11 and 0.04, respectively. The difference was not significant and thus noninferiority was established. A trend of more rapid improvement in the Hylabak group was evident. Both treatments were well tolerated and there were no serious adverse events, discontinuations for adverse events or other safety-related reasons, and no systemic adverse events. The results suggest that Hylabak is not less effective than Systane in reducing the symptoms of dry eye after LASIK surgery.
Keywords: dry eye, laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis, hyaluronate
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