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Assessing the Validity of a New Prediction Model for Patient Satisfaction After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study

Authors Itou J, Itoh M, Kuwashima U, Okazaki K

Received 8 July 2020

Accepted for publication 17 August 2020

Published 9 September 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 133—137

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/ORR.S271253

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Clark Hung


Junya Itou, Masafumi Itoh, Umito Kuwashima, Ken Okazaki

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokyo Women’s Medical University, Tokyo, Shinjuku-ku 162-8666, Japan

Correspondence: Ken Okazaki
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokyo Women’s Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-Cho, Tokyo, Shinjuku-ku 162-8666, Japan
Tel +81-3-3353-8111
Fax +81-3-5269-7618
Email okazaki.ken@twmu.ac.jp

Purpose: Previously, a simplified model using statistically selected questionnaires from various patients reported outcome measures (PROMs) was proposed to predict patient satisfaction after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, this simple and useful model needs to be validated across ethnic and cultural differences. The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of this predictive model in Japanese patients.
Patients and Methods: Of all knees treated using primary TKA at our institution between August 2017 and June 2018, this study involved 50 knees of 48 patients (11 men, 37 women) to whom the predictive model was applied preoperatively and from whom PROMs were obtained at least 1 year postoperatively. To evaluate PROMs, patients completed the KSS and the Forgotten Joint Score-12. Correlations were analyzed between preoperatively predicted postoperative patient satisfaction and actual postoperative patient satisfaction, as well as each PROM.
Results: KSS satisfaction improved from 15.6 ± 6.1 preoperatively to 27.8 ± 8.3 postoperatively, with satisfaction reported for 41 knees (82%). The preoperatively predicted postoperative patient satisfaction score was 26.3 ± 4.6, with no significant correlation with actual postoperative score (r = 0.05, p = 0.72). The difference between preoperatively predicted patient satisfaction and actual postoperative patient satisfaction was positively correlated with the score for question 9 of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, among other instruments constituting the predictive model.
Conclusion: Our data suggest that the predictive model had a low predictive value and that it had limited applicability to Japanese patients. The results also suggest that a tendency toward catastrophic thinking is associated with discrepancy between preoperatively predicted postoperative patient satisfaction and actual postoperative patient satisfaction. The predictive model has low utility and needs some modification.

Keywords: total knee arthroplasty, satisfaction, prediction

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