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Role of Precautionary Measures in Containing the Natural Course of Novel Coronavirus Disease

Authors Alumran A

Received 12 May 2020

Accepted for publication 2 July 2020

Published 16 July 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 615—620

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S261643

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Arwa Alumran

Health Information Management and Technology Department, College of Public Health, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence: Arwa Alumran
Health Information Management and Technology Department, College of Public Health, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P.O. Box 40140, Dammam 31952, Saudi Arabia
Tel +966 506845783
Email aalumran@iau.edu.sa

Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is spreading at an alarming rate. Several health authorities have implemented specific precautionary measures worldwide to combat the spread of the disease. The influence of these measures on tackling the spread of the disease remains to be elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the impact of precautionary measures to contain the COVID-19 outbreak.
Methods: Data for this study were gathered from publicly available data sources such as the Worldometer and World Health Organization websites. The expected number of new cases is calculated using a mathematical formula to assess the difference between the observed and expected number of cases, thus indicating the impact of precautionary measures on the spread of COVID-19.
Results: The preventive measures massively impacted the reduction of COVID-19 cases in Saudi Arabia from the expected number of 437,097 accumulated cases by May 4, 2020, to the observed number of 28,656 accumulated cases. Thus, the fatality rate is reduced from the expected 15,735 accumulated deaths by May 4 to 191 accumulated deaths.
Conclusion: Precautionary measures adopted by the Saudi Arabian health authorities were evidently effective in controlling the spread and further burden of COVID-19.

Keywords: COVID-19, precautionary measures, prevention, quarantine, public health

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