Back to Browse Journals » International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease » Volume 3 » Issue 2

Smoking and smoking cessation in Latin America: a review of the current situation and available treatments

Authors Fernando Müller, Luis Wehbe

Published 6 June 2008 Volume 2008:3(2) Pages 285—293


Fernando Müller1, Luis Wehbe2

1Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires and Proyecto Médico Especialista en Dejar de Fumar, Buenos Aires, Argentina; 2Ave Pulmo Smoking Cessation Institute, Mar del Plata, Argentina

Abstract: Tobacco smoking is a growing problem throughout Latin American countries, especially in underdeveloped countries where poverty and lack of education about the dangers of smoking may make people more susceptible to becoming smokers. Moreover, the economies of many Latin American countries have become dependent on the production of tobacco. Furthermore, because of the associated promotion of tobacco, smoking has integrated into many Latin American cultures. Nevertheless, the harmful health effects of tobacco use are well documented, including greatly increased risks of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, and many forms of cancer. The medical costs associated with treating these diseases far outweigh the economic benefits of producing and selling this deadly crop. To control the tobacco pandemic in Latin American countries, nicotine addiction must be recognized and treated as a disease. Governments, both national and local, need to be more involved in enacting anti-smoking policies such as higher tobacco taxation, control of illegal tobacco smuggling, and reimbursement of medical smoking cessation interventions. The training of health professions in the area of nicotine addiction must also be improved, so that they may better assist smokers in their quit attempts and advise patients on, and prescribe, effective smoking cessation pharmacotherapies.

Keywords: smoking, smoking cessation, tobacco, Latin America

Download Article [PDF] 

Creative Commons License This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. The full terms of the License are available at Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. Permissions beyond the scope of the License are administered by Dove Medical Press Limited. Information on how to request permission may be found at:

Readers of this article also read:

Safety and feasibility of biventricular devices reuse in general and elderly population – a single-center retrospective cohort study

Şoşdean R, Mornoş C, Enache B, Macarie RI, Ianoş R, Ştefea AM, Pescariu S

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2015, 10:1311-1318

Published Date: 12 August 2015

Relationship between cobalamin deficiency and delirium in elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery

Sevuk U, Baysal E, Ay N, Altas Y, Altindag R, Yaylak B, Alp V, Demirtas E

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2015, 11:2033-2039

Published Date: 7 August 2015

Using poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres to encapsulate plasmid of bone morphogenetic protein 2/polyethylenimine nanoparticles to promote bone formation in vitro and in vivo

Qiao C, Zhang K, Jin H, Miao L, Shi C, Liu X, Yuan A, Liu J, Li D, Zheng C, Zhang G, Li X, Yang B, Sun H

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2013, 8:2985-2995

Published Date: 13 August 2013

McKittrick–Wheelock syndrome presenting with dermatomyositis and rectal prolapse

Khalife M, Eloubeidi MA, Aboul Hosn M

Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology 2013, 6:85-89

Published Date: 20 June 2013

Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO)-based liposomes as magnetic resonance imaging probes

Frascione D, Diwoky C, Almer G, Opriessnig P, Vonach C, Gradauer K, Leitinger G, Mangge H, Stollberger R, Prassl R

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:2349-2359

Published Date: 9 May 2012

ACAM2000™: The new smallpox vaccine for United States Strategic National Stockpile

Aysegul Nalca, Elizabeth E Zumbrun

Drug Design, Development and Therapy 2010, 4:71-79

Published Date: 17 May 2010

Structure-based design of anticancer prodrug PABA/NO

Xinhua Ji, Ajai Pal, Ravi Kalathur, Xun Hu, Yijun Gu, et al

Drug Design, Development and Therapy 2008, 2:123-130

Published Date: 11 August 2008

Smoking cessation therapy with varenicline

Uma M Mohanasundaram, Rajinder Chitkara, Ganesh Krishna

International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 2008, 3:239-251

Published Date: 6 June 2008

Long-term oxygen therapy: Are we prescribing appropriately?

Mª Rosa Güell Rous

International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 2008, 3:231-237

Published Date: 6 June 2008