Are night-time voiding and lower urinary tract symptoms significant risk factors for hip fractures caused by falling during the night in male subjects?
Received 17 February 2019
Accepted for publication 14 June 2019
Published 22 July 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1191—1197
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
Bogdan Hogea,1 Razvan Bardan,2 Mihai Sandesc,3 Jenel Marian Patrascu Jr,3 Alin Cumpanas,2 Bogdan Andor3
1Department of Anatomy, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania; 2Department of Urology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania; 3Second Department of Orthopedics, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania
Objectives: The aim of our study was to assess the incidence of night-time voiding in a population of male patients with hip fracture, and to analyze the correlations between the severity of the lower urinary symptoms and the other most significant comorbidities of the patients.
Patients and methods: We have initially selected a group of patients containing all males admitted into a Department of Orthopedic Surgery with the diagnosis of hip fracture, with indication for replacement surgery, over a four-year period. Applying well-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria, we have selected all the patients who have reported that falling during the night, on the way to the toilet (for micturition), was the event leading to the hip fracture. A comprehensive medical history and the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) Questionnaire were gathered from all the patients and the obtained data were analyzed.
Results: From a total of 363 patients with hip fractures, 68 cases were attributable to night-time voiding. The detailed analysis of the 68 patients has shown that all of them had significant nocturia (2.72 episodes of voiding per night, in average), but only 11 of them were already diagnosed with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Moreover, only four of the eleven patients diagnosed with BPH were taking specific therapy at the moment of their falling leading to hip fracture. Subsequent analysis has shown that a group of 45 patients with no previously known co-morbidities, had similar IPSS score results with the total group of 68 patients.
Conclusions: Night-time voiding and LUTS are underdiagnosed in the general male population, as they represent significant risk factors for hip fractures due to falling during the night. The low level of BPH/LUTS therapy adherence adds a supplementary risk for falling during the night.
Keywords: hip fracture, night-time voiding, nocturia, low urinary tract symptoms, risk factors
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