Back to Journals » Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment » Volume 14

Application value of selected serum indicators in the differential diagnosis of geriatric depression and transient depressive state

Authors Xu Y, Yao S, Wei H, Zhu X, Yu M, Li Y

Received 21 September 2017

Accepted for publication 22 December 2017

Published 8 February 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 459—465

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S152247

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Wai Kwong Tang

Yuhao Xu,1,* Shun Yao,2,* Hong Wei,1 Xiaolan Zhu,3 Ming Yu,1 Yuefeng Li2

1Department of Neurology, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Central Laboratory, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Transient depressive state (TDS) is a transient, negative emotional state caused by certain events or situations. Because of the similarity in depressive symptoms between depression and TDS that arise within 2 weeks of their onset, it is difficult to distinguish TDS from depression. The aims of the present study were to investigate the application value of selected serum indicators in the differential diagnosis of geriatric depression and TDS in the early stage and to provide evidence for treatment.
Patients and methods: In this study, a total of 274 elderly patients were divided into the depression group (n=144) and the TDS group (n=130). All participants’ serum samples were collected, and 9 selected serum indicators were analyzed. Afterward, 90 patients with depression and 90 patients with TDS were used to build the diagnostic model. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to establish regression models, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn. Finally, another 54 patients with depression and 40 patients with TDS were used to validate our model.
Results: For the 9 screening serum indicators, the 3 serum indicators selected to build the regression model were BDNF (P=0.001), IL-1β (P<0.001), and cortisol (P<0.001). The regression equation was Y = 1/[1 + e-(-16.258 - 0.018 (BDNF) + 0.256 (IL-1β) + 0.093 (Cortisol))], and the ROC curve of combined detection was 0.926. The diagnostic rate of the logistic model was 89.36%.
Conclusion: The logistic regression model and ROC curves based on serum levels of BDNF, IL-1β, and cortisol could distinguish depression from TDS in early stage, which could provide assistance to the differential diagnosis of geriatric depression and TDS.

Keywords: CCMD-3, depression, logistic regression, transient depressive state, ROC curve

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]