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Applicability of the Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 Combined with a Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment in Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Authors Pan X, Wang C, Li R, Su L, Zhang M, Cai C, Liu S, Zhang W, Song J, Hong J

Received 14 May 2020

Accepted for publication 2 August 2020

Published 9 September 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 8221—8227


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ahmet Emre Eskazan

Xiaoxian Pan,1,* Caihong Wang,1,* Rong Li,2 Li Su,1,3,4 Mingwei Zhang,1,3,4 Chuanshu Cai,1,3,4 Shiping Liu,1 Weijian Zhang,1,3,4 Jihong Song,2 Jinsheng Hong1,3,4

1Department of Radiotherapy, First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China; 2The School of Nursing, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China; 3Key Laboratory of Radiation Biology (Fujian Medical University), Fujian Province University, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China; 4Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Precision Medicine for Cancer, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Jinsheng Hong Email

Purpose: This study aims to explore the applicability of the Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 (NRS2002) tool in screening nutritional risk and the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) in determining nutrition status in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients.
Materials and Methods: NRS2002 and PG-SGA were simultaneously applied to evaluate the nutritional status of NPC patients before induction chemotherapy, as well as before and after radiotherapy. The PG-SGA results were considered golden standard in evaluating nutrition status, and the ROC curve value and Youden index were applied to analyze NRS2002 effectiveness in screening nutritional risk.
Results: A total of 102 NPC patients were included in this study. Patients with an NRS2002 score < 3 and PG-SGA score ≥ 4 accounted for 5.3% (5/95), 19.6% (18/92) and 94.8% (36/38) at the time before induction chemotherapy, before radiotherapy and at the end of radiotherapy, respectively. The cut-off values of NRS2002 scores all < 2 corresponded to the maximum Youden index at the three procedural times. And the area under curve (AUC) were 0.598 (P = 0.390), 0.665 (P = 0.015) and 0.940 (P = 0.034), respectively. At the end of radiotherapy, NRS2002 scores of < 3 and < 2 were used as cut-off values for nutritional risk screening, respectively. Additionally, the malnutrition-missed detection rates were 36.0% and 12.0% (χ2 = 15.789; P < 0.001).
Discussion: NRS2002 nutritional risk screening combined with the PG-SGA nutritional assessment has certain applicability in NPC. NRS2002 score ≥ 2 can be considered as a new cut-off point for nutritional assessment.

Keywords: nasopharyngeal carcinoma, nutritional risk screening, nutrition assessment, NRS2002, PG-SGA

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