Apolipoprotein E e4 allele is associated with extrapyramidal symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease
Received 1 March 2019
Accepted for publication 14 May 2019
Published 9 July 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 1915—1919
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Yu-Ping Ning
Yang-Pei Chang,1 Mei-Chuan Chou,1–3 Chiou-Lian Lai,2,4–5 I Chien,1 Yuan-Han Yang1,2
1Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 2Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 3Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan; 4Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 5Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Background: Extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) are not uncommon in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). As apolipoprotein E(APOE) e4 allele is a major risk factor for late-onset AD, we intend to examine the association between APOE genotype and the development of EPS in AD.
Method: This study describes two hundred and fifty-five clinically diagnosed AD patients aged 72 to 80 years from 2010 to 2014. We reviewed the medical charts to determine the development of EPS. APOE genotypes were also confirmed.
Results: APOE e4 allele was detected in 74 patients (29%) and rigidity was among the most common EPS (61%). After adjusting the age, gender, baseline clinical dementia rating, we found AD patients carrying APOE e4 allele are more likely to develop EPS (OR: 4.515, p=0.033).
Conclusion: This study demonstrates the higher coexistence of EPS in AD patients with APOE e4 allele. Furthermore, the identification of APOE e4 allele in the development of EPS in AD patients supports the hypothesis that EPS may be partially attributed to AD pathology.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, extrapyramidal symptoms, apolipoprotein e e4
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