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Antitumor efficacy of a novel CLA-PTX microemulsion against brain tumors: in vitro and in vivo findings

Authors Li, Yang, Li, Ke, Duan, Du R, Song P, Yu, Ren W, Huang, Li, Hu, Zhang X, Zhang Q

Received 8 October 2012

Accepted for publication 6 November 2012

Published 17 December 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 6105—6114

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S38927

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Dan Li,1 Ke Yang,1 Jie-Si Li,1 Xi-Yu Ke,1 Yu Duan,1 Ruo Du,1 Ping Song,1 Ke-Fu Yu,1 Wei Ren,1 Dan Huang,1 Xing-Huo Li,1 Xin Hu,1 Xuan Zhang,1 Qiang Zhang1,2

1
Department of Pharmaceutics, 2State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China

Background: Considering the observations that linoleic acid conjugated with paclitaxel (CLA-PTX) possesses antitumor activity against brain tumors, is able to cross the blood–brain barrier, but has poor water solubility, the purpose of this study was to prepare a novel CLA-PTX microemulsion and evaluate its activity against brain tumors in vitro and in vivo.
Methods: The in vitro cytotoxicity of a CLA-PTX microemulsion was investigated in C6 glioma cells. The in vivo antitumor activity of the CLA-PTX microemulsion was evaluated in tumor-bearing nude mice and rats. The pharmacokinetics of the CLA-PTX microemulsion were investigated in rats, and its safety was also evaluated in mice.
Results: The average droplet size of the CLA-PTX microemulsion was approximately 176.3 ± 0.8 nm and the polydispersity index was 0.294 ± 0.024. In vitro cytotoxicity results showed that the IC50 of the CLA-PTX microemulsion was 1.61 ± 0.83 µM for a C6 glioma cell line, which was similar to that of free paclitaxel and CLA-PTX solution (P > 0.05). The antitumor activity of the CLA-PTX microemulsion against brain tumors was confirmed in our in vivo C6 glioma tumor-bearing nude mice as well as in a rat model. In contrast, Taxol® had almost no significant antitumor effect in C6 glioma tumor-bearing rats, but could markedly inhibit growth of C6 tumors in C6 glioma tumor-bearing nude mice. The pharmacokinetic results indicated that CLA-PTX in solution has a much longer circulation time and produces higher drug plasma concentrations compared with the CLA-PTX microemulsion. The results of the acute toxicity study showed that the LD50 of CLA-PTX solution was 103.9 mg/kg. In contrast, the CLA-PTX microemulsion was well tolerated in mice when administered at doses up to 200 mg/kg.
Conclusion: CLA-PTX microemulsion is a novel formulation with significant antitumor efficacy in the treatment of brain tumors, and is safer than CLA-PTX solution.

Keywords: CLA-PTX, microemulsion, pharmacokinetics, brain tumor, antitumor efficacy, safety

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