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Antitumor effect of gemcitabine-loaded albumin nanoparticle on gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer induced by low hENT1 expression

Authors Guo ZY, Wang F, Di Y, Yao L, Yu XZ, Fu DL, Li J, Jin C

Received 27 February 2018

Accepted for publication 7 May 2018

Published 29 August 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 4869—4880

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S166769

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun


Zhongyi Guo,1 Feng Wang,2 Yang Di,1 Lie Yao,1 Xinzhe Yu,1 Deliang Fu,3 Ji Li,3 Chen Jin1

1Department of Pancreatic Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 2School of Pharmacy & Key Laboratory of Smart Drug Delivery, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 3Pancreatic Disease Institute, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Purpose: Gemcitabine is currently the standard first-line chemotherapeutic drug for treating pancreatic cancer. However, many factors can contribute to gemcitabine resistance. One of the most important reasons is the low hENT1 expression. In this study, we tested the antitumor effect of gemcitabine-loaded human serum albumin nanoparticle (GEM-HSA-NP) on gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer induced by low hENT1 expression.
Materials and methods: S-(4-nitrobenzyl)-6-thioinosine was utilized to inhibit the activity of hENT1 and simulate low hENT1 expression. Growth inhibition assays and cell cycle and apoptosis analyses were performed on human pancreatic cancer cell lines such as BxPC-3 and SW1990. The in vivo antitumor effect was studied by using patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. The in vivo toxicity assessment was performed on healthy Kunming mice.
Results: In in vitro studies, GEM-HSA-NP showed its ability to inhibit cell proliferation, arrest cell cycle and induce apoptosis when tumor cells were resistant to gemcitabine. In in vivo studies, GEM-HSA-NP was more effective than gemcitabine on inhibiting tumor growth whether the expression levels of hENT1 were high or low in PDX models. The in vivo toxicity assessment showed that the biotoxicity of GEM-HSA-NP did not increase compared with gemcitabine.
Conclusion: GEM-HSA-NP can overcome gemcitabine resistance induced by low hENT1 expression, which suggests its potential role for the clinical application.

Keywords:
pancreatic cancer, gemcitabine resistance, albumin nanoparticles, low hENT1 expression, PDX model

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