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Antioxidant and toxicity studies of biosynthesized cerium oxide nanoparticles in rats

Authors Khorrami MB, Sadeghnia HR, Pasdar A, Ghayour-Mobarhan M, Riahi-Zanjani B, Hashemzadeh A, Zareh M, Darroudi M

Received 11 November 2018

Accepted for publication 22 February 2019

Published 26 April 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 2915—2926


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Anderson Oliveira Lobo

Mohammad Bagher Khorrami,1,2 Hamid Reza Sadeghnia,3 Alireza Pasdar,1,4 Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan,5 Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani,6 Alireza Hashemzadeh,7 Mohammad Zare,2 Majid Darroudi8

1Department of Modern Sciences and Technologies, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; 2Social Security Organization, 17th Shahrivar Hospital, Mashhad, Iran; 3Division of Neurocognitive Sciences, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; 4Division of Applied Medicine, Medical School, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK; 5Biochemistry of Nutrition Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; 6Medical Toxicology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; 7NanoBioEletrochemistry Research Center, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran; 8Nuclear Medicine Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute toxic potential of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CNPs) synthesized by pullulan in adult male Wistar rats.
Patients and methods: Thirty male Wistar rats randomly were divided into five experimental groups of six animals each. The animals were received 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg CNPs for 14 consecutive days. At the end of the experiment, the rats were euthanized and histopathological evaluation of the liver and renal tissues, as well ass, the markers of serum oxidative stress including thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, total sulfhydryl content, and antioxidant capacity (using ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay) were assessed. Hematological parameters and the activity of liver function enzymes were also measured.
Results: The results of this study showed that CNPs caused no significant changes in the activity of liver enzymes, hepatic and renal histopathology and hematological parameters, while significantly improved serum redox status.
Conclusion: Acute administration of pullulan-mediated CNPs is safe and possess antioxidant activity.

Keywords: green synthesis, metal oxide, sol-gel, toxicology, radical scavenger

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