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Antiangiogenesis Combined with Immunotherapy to Treat Advanced Small-Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus Resistant to Chemotherapy: According to the Guidance of Next-Generation Sequencing

Authors Jiang M, Zhang X

Received 24 November 2020

Accepted for publication 13 February 2021

Published 2 March 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 1613—1621

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S293733

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Takuya Aoki


Man Jiang, Xiaochun Zhang

Cancer Precision Medical Center, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266003, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Xiaochun Zhang
Cancer Precision Medical Center, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao University, 59 Haier Road, Qingdao, 266003, People’s Republic of China
Email [email protected]

Abstract: A 64-year-old woman admitted to our hospital with the chief complaint of swallowing obstruction was diagnosed as relapsed small-cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Complete remission (CR) was observed after six cycles of irinotecan plus cisplatin therapy. According to the results of a next-generation sequencing analysis of the tumor specimen, anlotinib (12 mg PO q3w) was recommended. After 1 month of anlotinib treatment, the tumor decreased significantly according to computed tomography scan and gastroscopy. However, the disease progressed after 2 months of therapy. A gene analysis of the new puncture sample showed microsatellite instability and a high tumor mutation burden. Immunohistochemistry indicated positive programmed death ligand-1 expression (> 1%). Because of these results, the patient was treated with anlotinib (12 mg PO q3w) in combination with toripalimab (240 mg IV drip q3w). After 3 months of therapy, CR was achieved, although progression-free survival had not been reached at the time of publication.

Keywords: anlotinib, toripalimab, NGS, cell esophagus carcinoma

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