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Anesthetic techniques: focus on transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks

Authors Mallan D, Sharan S, Saxena S, Singh TK, Faisal

Received 23 October 2018

Accepted for publication 12 April 2019

Published 5 September 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 81—88

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/LRA.S138537

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Stefan Wirz


Deepanshu Mallan,1 Sandeep Sharan,2 Sumi Saxena,3 Tapas Kumar Singh,2 Faisal2

1Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Saraswati Medical College, Lucknow, India; 2Department of Anaesthesiology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India; 3Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, TSM Medical College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence: Tapas Kumar Singh
Department of Anaesthesiology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226014, India
Email singh.tapas1@gmail.com

Abstract: Transverse abdominis plane (TAP) blocks, over the past decade, have emerged as a reliable tool in multimodal analgesia. Although they block only the somatic component of pain, studies have still revealed a consistent benefit in the first 24–48 hours after surgery in terms of pain scores and overall opioid consumption. The safety and dependability has increased with ultrasound usage. The aim of this review is to help the reader appreciate the applied anatomy required for a TAP block and its congeners, to standardize its nomenclature, and to help choose between variants of a TAP block and its complications and safety profile.

Keywords: tap block, ultrasound, regional anesthesia, truncal block

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