Analysis of the Government Health Expenditure in the First Decade of Chinese New Medical Reform (2009–2018): Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region as an Example
Authors Feng C, Liang R, Jiang X
Received 5 March 2020
Accepted for publication 5 May 2020
Published 14 May 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 387—395
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto
Chun-yang Feng,1 Ruo-hao Liang,2 Xi-ming Jiang2
1Treasury Department, Urumqi Central Sub-Branch of the People’s Bank of China, Urumqi, Xinjiang, People’s Republic of China; 2Accounting College, Xinjiang University of Finance & Economics, Urumqi, Xinjiang, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Xi-ming Jiang Email email@example.com
Objective: To analyze the status of government health expenditure in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region since the first 10 years from the new medical reform, and find the existing problems in order to provide evidence for the government to formulate medical and health policies.
Methods: Based on the health expenditure monitoring data of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region government from Urumqi Central Sub-branch of the People’s Bank of China, combined with the relevant data in Xinjiang statistical yearbook, Excel2013 and SPSS19.0 were used to conduct a comparative analysis of government expenditure data from 2009 to 2018.
Results: The average annual growth rate of the government’s health expenditure in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region was 12.25%, which was similar to the national level. The proportion of government health expenditure in gross domestic product increased from 0.97% to 1.07%, while the proportion in the total fiscal expenditure decreased from 3.06% to 2.63%, which led to far behind the national and even western area level. The Gini Coefficient of per capita government health expenditure in every city (state) of the autonomous region fell from 0.46 to 0.32 between 2014 and 2018. In the past decade, the ratio between public health expenditure and medical institution expenditure has decreased from 1.01 to 0.42, led to insufficient proportion of public health expenditure. The health expenditure level of the four prefectures especially Kashgar and Hotan in Southern Xinjiang was still far lower than the whole autonomous region and the national average level.
Conclusion: The government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region should continuously strengthen the financial expenditure in health, maintain the current situation of preferential policy implementation for rural and grassroots expenditure, constantly optimize the proportion of various financial expenditures, and strive for the transfer payment from the central and autonomous regional governments to the four prefectures in Southern Xinjiang.
Keywords: new medical reform, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, government finance, health
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