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Analysis of the clinical effects of transforaminal endoscopic discectomy on lumbar disk herniation combined with common peroneal nerve paralysis: a 2-year follow-up retrospective study on 32 patients

Authors Wang YP, Zhang W, Zhang J, Sun YP, An JL, Ding WY

Received 23 August 2016

Accepted for publication 14 November 2016

Published 5 January 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 105—112

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S120463

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael Schatman

Ya-peng Wang,* Wei Zhang, Jian Zhang, Ya-peng Sun,* Ji-long An, Wen-yuan Ding

Department of Spinal Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Very few studies have discussed transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (TED) in the treatment of common peroneal nerve paralysis induced by lumbar disk herniation (LDH). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of TED in the treatment of LDH combined with common peroneal nerve paralysis.
Materials and methods: The clinical and follow-up data of 32 patients with common peroneal nerve paralysis induced by LDH undergoing TED from March 2011 to April 2014 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Follow-up was conducted immediately after the surgery, as well as 3, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. The parameters (including muscle strength recovery of the anterior tibial muscle, leg pain visual analog scale score, neurological function Japanese Orthopaedic Association [JOA] score, MacNab scores in the last follow-up, and the intraoperative and postoperative complications) were recorded.
Results: Three patients (9.4%) had the anterior tibial muscle strength recovered to ≥ grade 4 immediately after the surgery. The anterior tibial muscle strength of patients recovered to basically stable form in the 6-month postoperative follow-up and that in the last follow-up were as follows: one case of grade 1, one case of grade 2, 28 cases of grade 4, and two cases of grade 5. The visual analog scale scores of leg pain were significantly reduced immediately after the surgery and also on 3, 12, and 24 months compared with preoperative period (all P<0.05). The postoperative JOA scores in the last follow-up were significantly higher than the preoperative JOA scores (P<0.05), and there were nine excellent cases (28.2%), 21 good cases (65.6%), one fair case (3.1%) and one poor case (3.1%) in the last follow-up, with an overall excellent and good rate of 93.8%.
Conclusion: TED, which can offer sufficient decompression of the nerve root, has excellent overall clinical effects in treating common peroneal nerve paralysis induced by LDH.

Keywords: transforaminal endoscopic discectomy, lumbar disk herniation, common peroneal nerve paralysis, minimally invasive surgery

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