Back to Journals » International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease » Volume 7

Analysis of serum phosphate control and phosphate binder utilization in incident hemodialysis patients

Authors Farrand K, Copley JB, Heise J, Fridman M, Keith M, Poole L, Gibson F

Received 12 March 2014

Accepted for publication 16 May 2014

Published 5 July 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 261—269


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Kimberly F Farrand,1 J Brian Copley,1 Jamie Heise,1 Moshe Fridman,2 Michael S Keith,1 Lynne Poole3

1Shire, Wayne, PA, USA; 2AMF Consulting, Los Angeles, CA, USA; 3Shire, Basingstoke, UK

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to conduct a retrospective analysis of serum phosphate level variability in patients new to hemodialysis (HD) and to identify patient characteristics associated with this variability. The medical records of 47,742 incident HD patients attending US outpatient dialysis centers between January 1, 2006 and March 31, 2009 were analyzed. Monthly mean serum phosphate levels determined over a 6-month evaluation period (months 4–9 after HD initiation) were assigned to one of three strata: low (<1.13 mmol/L [<3.5 mg/dL]); target (1.13–1.78 mmol/L [3.5–5.5 mg/dL]); or high (>1.78 mmol/L [>5.5 mg/dL]). Patients were classified into one of six serum phosphate variability groups based on variability among monthly mean phosphate levels over the 6-month evaluation period: consistently target; consistently high; high-to-target; high-to-low; target-to-low; or consistently low. Only 15% of patients (consistently target group) maintained monthly mean serum phosphate levels within the target range throughout the 6-month evaluation period. Age, Charlson comorbidity index, serum phosphate, and intact parathyroid hormone levels prior to HD initiation were strongly associated (P<0.001) with serum phosphate levels after HD initiation. Overall patient-reported phosphate binder usage increased from 35% at baseline to 52% at end of study. The low proportion of patients achieving target phosphate levels and low rates of phosphate binder usage observed during the study suggest that alternative strategies could be developed to control serum phosphate levels. Possible strategies that might be incorporated to help improve the management of hyperphosphatemia in incident HD patients include dietary modification, dialysis optimization, and earlier and sustained use of phosphate binders.

Keywords: chronic kidney disease, end-stage renal disease, hyperphosphatemia

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]