Analgesic efficacy, adverse effects, and safety of oxycodone administered as continuous intravenous infusion in patients after total hip arthroplasty
Received 22 October 2016
Accepted for publication 2 March 2017
Published 4 May 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 1027—1032
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael E Schatman
Bogumił Olczak,1 Grzegorz Kowalski,1,2 Wojciech Leppert,2 Iwona Zaporowska-Stachowiak,3 Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis2
1Department of Anesthesiology, Józef Struś Multiprofile Municipal Hospital, 2Department of Palliative Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 3Department of Pharmacology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
Background: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) causes extensive tissue damage and severe pain. This study aimed to assess the analgesic efficacy, adverse effects (AEs), and safety of continuous intravenous (iv) oxycodone infusion with ketoprofen (injected into the iv line) in patients after THA, and to assay serum oxycodone levels.
Patients and methods: Fourteen patients, aged 59‒82 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification I or III, underwent THA with intrathecal analgesia and sedation induced by iv propofol. After the surgery, oxycodone (continuous iv infusion) at a dose of 1 mg/h (five patients) or 2 mg/h (nine patients) with 100 mg ketoprofen (injected into the iv line) was administered to each patient every 12 h. Pain was assessed using a numerical rating scale (NRS: 0 – no pain, 10 – the most severe pain) at rest and during movement. AEs, including hemodynamic unsteadiness, nausea, vomiting, pruritus, cognitive impairment, and respiratory depression, were registered during the first 24 h after surgery.
Results: Oxycodone (continuous iv infusion) at a dose of 2 mg/h with ketoprofen (100 mg) administered every 12 h provided satisfactory analgesia in all nine patients without the need of rescue analgesics within the first 24 h after THA. In three out of five patients, oxycodone at 1 mg/h was effective. Oxycodone did not induce drowsiness, vomiting, pruritus, respiratory depression, or changes in blood pressure. Bradycardia appeared in two patients, and nausea was observed in one patient.
Conclusion: Oxycodone infusion with ketoprofen administered by iv is effective in patients after THA. Intravenous infusion of oxycodone is a predictable, stable, and safe method of drug administration.
Keywords: adverse effects, analgesia, opioid, oxycodone, pain
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