Analgesic Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Guided Pecs II Block in Central Venous Port Catheter Implantation
Received 17 April 2020
Accepted for publication 14 May 2020
Published 22 May 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1185—1191
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael Schatman
Mehmet Emin Ince,1 Ender Sir,2 Sami Eksert,1 Nadide Ors,1 Gokhan Ozkan1
1Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey; 2Department of Algology and Pain Medicine, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
Correspondence: Gokhan Ozkan
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara 06010, Turkey
Tel +90 532 561 69 74
Background and Aim: In oncology patients, central venous port catheter (CVPC) implantation is generally preferred for venous route. However, in this procedure, postoperative pain is often observed. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided Pecs II block in the management of pain after CVPC placement.
Methods: One hundred and eighty-seven patients who underwent CVPC implantation between January 2017 and August 2018 were included in the study. Patients who underwent Pecs II block under ultrasound guidance were called as the Pecs group, and those who underwent local anesthesia (LA) were referred as the LA group. All procedural parameters were analyzed, including demographic characteristics of patients, visual analogue scores (VAS) at 2nd and 24th hours, and postoperative opioid, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) consumption.
Results: The postoperative 2nd hour VAS scores were similar in both groups and were lower than the 24th hour VAS scores. VAS scores at the 24th hour in the Pecs group were significantly lower than the LA group (P = 0.001). While the number of fentanyl rescue doses administered in PACU was similar, the total NSAID consumption in the first 24 hours was higher in the LA group than in the Pecs group.
Conclusion: In CVPC placement, ultrasound-guided Pecs II block is a more reliable, easily applicable and longer-acting approach than LA infiltration for postoperative analgesia.
Keywords: analgesia, pain, postoperative, vascular access devices, anesthesia, local, nerve block, thoracic nerves
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