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Analgesia and sedation post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a review of the literature

Authors Jannati M, Attar A

Received 20 November 2018

Accepted for publication 28 April 2019

Published 20 June 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 773—781

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S195267

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh


Mansour Jannati,1 Armin Attar2

1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 2Cardiovascular Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract: This review aimed to study the role of analgesia and sedation after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, regarding pain management, assisted respiration, overall postoperative health care, and hospitalization. Data were collected from Pubmed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases. The following terms were used for the search: “analgesia”, “sedation”, “coronary artery bypass grafting”, CABG”, and “opioids”. Articles between the years 1988 and 2018 were evaluated. Several opioid and non-opioid analgesics used to relieve surgical pain are regarded as critical risk factors for developing pulmonary and cardiovascular complications in all kinds of thoracic surgery, especially CABG procedures. Effective pain management in post-CABG patients is largely dependent on effective pain assessment, type of sedatives and analgesics administered, and evaluation of their effects on pain relief. A significant challenge is to determine adequate amounts of administered analgesics and sedatives for postoperative CABG patients, because patients often order more sedatives and analgesics than needed. The pain management process is deemed successful when patients feel comfortable after surgery, with no negative side effects. However, postoperative pain management patterns have not included many modern methods such as patient-controlled analgesia, and postoperative pain management drugs are still limited to a restricted range of opioid and non-opioid analgesics.

Keywords: coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), analgesia, sedation, opioids, ICU


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