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Anagliptin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: safety, efficacy, and patient acceptability

Authors Nishio S, Abe M, Ito H

Received 22 December 2014

Accepted for publication 27 January 2015

Published 18 March 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 163—171


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ming-Hui Zou

Shinya Nishio, Mariko Abe, Hiroyuki Ito

Department of Diabetes, Metabolism and Kidney Disease, Edogawa Hospital Higashikoiwa, Edogawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract: Anagliptin is a novel dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor that has been available in Japan since 2012. Because anagliptin is not generally used in countries other than Japan, there are only a small number of reports investigating the effects of anagliptin. In the present article, we review the safety and efficacy of anagliptin according to data obtained from preclinical trials and postmarketing studies. The usual dose of anagliptin is 200 mg daily, and increases in the dose up to 400 mg daily have been approved in cases in which the blood glucose–lowering effect is insufficient. In a Phase II trial, the reduction in the HbA1c values from baseline after 12 weeks monotherapy with 200 mg and 400 mg of daily anagliptin was 0.75%±0.50% and 0.82%±0.46%, respectively, and more than 40% of the subjects receiving anagliptin at a dose of 200 mg or 400 mg daily achieved an HbA1c level below 6.9%. Furthermore, the levels of HbA1c, fasting blood glucose, and postprandial blood glucose were significantly decreased at 52 weeks compared with the baseline values in a Phase III trial investigating the effects of anagliptin included in combination therapy with other oral antidiabetic agents. In a pooled analysis of Phase II and Phase II/III trials, the goal achievement rates for an HbA1c level below 7.0% at 12 weeks were 40.3%, 39.4%, 30.0%, and 34.8% in the patients treated with anagliptin combined with α-glucosidase inhibitors, thiazolidinediones, sulfonylureas, and biguanides, respectively. Meanwhile, the serum lipid concentrations significantly improved after the administration of anagliptin in a pooled analysis of Phase III trials, and no serious adverse effects have been reported in preclinical trials. Therefore, the use of anagliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes is considered to be safe and effective for both monotherapy and combination therapy.

Keywords: dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, type 2 diabetes mellitus, monotherapy, combination therapy, adverse effect

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